-ed Pronunciation

Regular verbs in the past simple and past participle add the suffix -ed. The pronunciation of this suffix might be a bit confusing sometimes. So here you have the three different ways in which it can be pronounced:

  1. /t/ after verbs ending in voiceless sounds (sounds that don’t vibrate). Examples: looked, hoped, passed.
  2. /d/ after verbs ending in voiced sounds (sounds that vibrate). Examples: arrived, changed, showed.
  3. /ɪd/ after verbs ending ...
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How to Get There

Here you have some useful expressions when giving directions. Watch the video and read the dialogue.

Mark: Where exactly is it? I’m sorry, I didn’t catch that. OK. How far is it? OK, OK. Merçi. Au revoir.

Jacques: Any luck?

Mark: I think I’ve found an apartment. How do I get to Belleville?

Jacques: The easiest way is to get the metro at Pyramides. Take Line 14 and change at Châtelet.

Mark: OK.

Jacques: Then take ...

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Requests and Permission

Watch and read the following conversation in which people make requests and give permission.

Jacques: Mark? Would you mind sending me those concert dates?

Mark: Of course not. Ben, are you busy?
Ben: Me? Never.

Mark: Could you help me? I can’t open this document.

Ben: Sure.

Mark: Thanks.

—-

Allie: Hi, Nicole.

Nicole: Could you sign these, please?
Allie: Sure.

Nicole: Is it OK if I take tomorrow afternoon off?

Allie: I’m sorry, but tomorrow’s really difficult.

Nicole: ...

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Introductions

Let’s practise some useful expressions when introducing people or meeting people again.

Listen and read the following dialogue: 

Mark: Hi. I’m Mark Ryder.

Nicole: Ah, you’re the new marketing director.

Mark: That’s right.

Nicole: I’m Nicole Delacroix. I’m Allie’s personal assistant. Welcome to Paris!

Mark: Thank you.

Nicole: I’ll just tell Allie you’re here. Allie? Mark Ryder’s here. OK. You’re from San Francisco, aren’t you?

Mark: Yes, I am.

Allie: Hello, Mark.

Mark: Allie, It’s good to see you again. How are you?

Allie: Very well. Did you have a ...

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Advice vs. Advise

What’s the difference between advice and advise? Let’s see!

Advice with c is a noun meaning recommendation or information given to someone with regard to a future action. Example: I need advice from an expert.

Advise with s is a verb meaning to give a recommendation about what should be done. Example: I advise you to go to class.

Check out the video!

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green jokes

What’s a green joke ?

Is it one that is so old and going mouldy? NO

Is it one about environment? NO

It’s what we call in English a blue  or dirty joke .

In Spanish, a viejo verde is an old dirty man .

Astrologically speaking, green men  (usually little green men) come from planet Mars or somewhere else in space.

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future

Spanish speakers seem to see a variety of different futures and can say what will happen on of them.

Some people say that something will happen in “un futuro próximo .” This is very strange for English-speakers because there is really only one future. So, we have to talk about the near future .

 

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used to

There is NO DIRECT translation to Spanish.

In Spanish, the imperfect tense is expressed by an inflection of the verb or by the verb “soler.”

Here are phrases with USED TO:

Verb Be + used to + -ing form of verb 

Get used to + something 

Get used to + -ing form of verb 

My brother used to hide chocolate from me all over the house.

Mi hermano solía esconder chocolates de mí por toda la casa.

I eventually got used to the constant noise.

Eventualmente ...

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