H

H is pronounced at the beginning of a word.

It is aspirated, that is to say it sounds like a breath made in the mouth.

It is not like Spanish jota.

There are some English words in which H is not pronounced:

heir- heredero

heiress

honour

hour

honest

 

green jokes

What’s a green joke ?

Is it one that is so old and going mouldy? NO

Is it one about environment? NO

It’s what we call in English a blue  or dirty joke .

In Spanish, a viejo verde is an old dirty man .

Astrologically speaking, green men  (usually little green men) come from planet Mars or somewhere else in space.

future

Spanish speakers seem to see a variety of different futures and can say what will happen on of them.

Some people say that something will happen in “un futuro próximo .” This is very strange for English-speakers because there is really only one future. So, we have to talk about the near future .

 

go away and go out

To go out

You use this for a short time and distance. For example, to the shops, to the cinema, for a meal.

To go away

You use this for a longer time and distance. For example, for the weekend, on holiday, to university. If you go away, you take your toiletries with you like toothbrush, etc.

used to

There is NO DIRECT translation to Spanish.

In Spanish, the imperfect tense is expressed by an inflection of the verb or by the verb “soler.”

Here are phrases with USED TO:

Verb Be + used to + -ing form of verb 

Get used to + something 

Get used to + -ing form of verb 

My brother used to hide chocolate from me all over the house.

Mi hermano solía esconder chocolates de mí por toda la casa.

I eventually got used to the constant noise.

Eventualmente me acostumbré al ruido constante.

I’m used to having coffee in the morning.

 

 
 

 

glasses

Glass  is what windows, copa, vaso, jarra, tubo are made of; Vidrio ; cristal 

These words can cause confusions because:

a cup – is a taza (except in sports copa)

glass of wine – copa or vaso

cup of coffee – when your coffee comes in a small glass

glass cup of coffee – when it has a handle to hold it

plastic glass – is the copa de plástico which you sometimes use for wine

Vase – is the thing you use to put flowers in

Jar – is a glass container for jam

Tube – is a container of tootpaste

Glasses  (always plural)- are the things that people wear to help them see well. Each piece of glass is the lens and they are held in a frame.

 

 

forehead

Your forehead is the front part of your head.

(The prefix fore means front; it is la frente.)

The front is the opposite of the back, or it is the front in a war; it is el frente.

fun

FUN- If something is divertido  and if you’re having fun, te lo pasas bien .

FUNNY- is an adjective but doesn’t  mean divertido. It means two other things:

1. gracioso  (example: funny story)

2. curioso, extraño, raro  (examples: funny party, funny experience); chungo o mareado  (when you’re feeling funny means you’re feeling a bit ill

 

Don’t forget!

I forgot my books at home. 

No, you didn’t. You forgot to bring them to your English lesson. You left them at home.

I left my books at home. NOT I forgot my books at home.

to + infinitive

Para usually corresponds to English for 

BUT: If you mean para and the infinitive = that is to    and infinitive   in English

Examples:

I went to El Corte Inglés to buy  a book (NOT for buying)

This is called the infinitive of purpose .

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