Spanish speakers seem to see a variety of different futures and can say what will happen on of them.

Some people say that something will happen in “un futuro próximo .” This is very strange for English-speakers because there is really only one future. So, we have to talk about the near future .


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Glass  is what windows, copa, vaso, jarra, tubo are made of; Vidrio ; cristal 

These words can cause confusions because:

a cup – is a taza (except in sports copa)

glass of wine – copa or vaso

cup of coffee – when your coffee comes in a small glass

glass cup of coffee – when it has a handle to hold it

plastic glass – is the copa de plástico which you sometimes use for wine

Vase – is the thing you use to put flowers ...

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Your forehead is the front part of your head.

(The prefix fore means front; it is la frente.)

The front is the opposite of the back, or it is the front in a war; it is el frente.

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fire and light

If you want to light a cigarette, don’t ask for fire.

Say Can you give me a light?  Have you got a light or a lighter?

Fire is fuego but it is also incendio.

Electricity bill (la factura de la luz) is for more than just light. And if there are roadworks in the street outside your house, you might have all of your electricity cut off, not just the light.

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This means well-known. Its meaning is not associated with family.


A familiar place/ a well-known place

A familiar person/ a well-known person

I’m not familiar with this place.

You can use the word family as an adjective.


family holiday

family finances

family day


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Mis padres – parents (NOT fathers)

Most people in the world only have one father but Spanish people have more than one- when they say mis padres  as my fathers. This is a common mistake for Spanish people.

If you ask a British person “Do you have brothers?” (¿Tienes hermanos?), he might say Yes I have two not mentioning the sisters he has, because you only ask about brothers.

This is the correct one:

¿Tienes hermanos?  = Do you have brothers and sisters ...

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bribery- the act of practice of offering, giving, or taking a bribe.

Bribe- is the money or some other benefit offered to a person to induce to do something. Its synonym is suborn. (soborno)

to suborn/to bribe- sobornar

Even some native English speakers don’t know that suborn does exist in English.

Example: Police will let me off without penalty if I pay him a bribe. Policía me dejará ir sin multa si le doy una mordida.


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This word confuses a lot of people.

Have a look at the examples below:

To draw a picture- dibujar

The cowboy draws his gun- means move that the cowboy was taking or moving his gun to shoot the bad man.

He was the fastest draw in the West- NOT the fastest drawer

Drawer– is not a person; this is something you draw (move) out of a table (el cajón)

to draw a breath- to take air into your lungs

draw (noun)– an informal lottery at a party (una ...

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We’ve heard many Spanish people saying “Fernando Alonso is a pilot.” Alonso is a racing driver.

A pilot is someone who is licensed to operate an aircraft in flight and also who is licensed to conduct a ship into and out of port or through the dangerous waters.

Logically, a person who drives is called a driver.

Examples: taxi driver, bus driver, train driver, etc.

Also, driver means force. Example: a screwdriver- is used for forcing screws into wood.


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The root word is consider which is a verb .

Spanish people often say I am considerating  when they should say I am considering.

Considerate is an adjective  in English which means atento  o considerado.

Example: Thank you, you are very considerate.


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