Grammar

FOR vs. SINCE

📗INTERMEDIATE

We use the present perfect + for or since to talk about something which started in the past and is still true now.

We use for + a period of time. Examples:

  • I’ve known John for three years.
  • She’s been learning Russian for one month.

We use since + a point of time. Examples:

  • I’ve been working in this company since February.
  • He hasn’t eaten anything since yesterday.

Now practise with the following exercise:

https://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/vocabulary/since-for

Adapted from: English File Intermediate 3rd Edition. Oxford ...

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AGREEING: I agree / I don’t agree

📕BEGINNER

One of the most typical mistakes that English learners commit is using the verb to be when they agree or disagree:

I am agree / I am not agree

It’s true that many Romance languages such as Catalan (estic d’acord), Spanish (estoy de acuerdo) or French (Je suis d’accord) use a linking verb in this expression, but not in English. In English “agree” is a verb, so we say:

I agree / ...

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Advice vs. Advise

📘ADVANCED

What’s the difference between advice and advise? Let’s see!

Advice with c is a noun meaning recommendation or information given to someone with regard to a future action. Example: I need advice from an expert.

Advise with s is a verb meaning to give a recommendation about what should be done. Example: I advise you to go to class.

Check out the video!

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used to

There is NO DIRECT translation to Spanish.

In Spanish, the imperfect tense is expressed by an inflection of the verb or by the verb “soler.”

Here are phrases with USED TO:

Verb Be + used to + -ing form of verb 

Get used to + something 

Get used to + -ing form of verb 

My brother used to hide chocolate from me all over the house.

Mi hermano solía esconder chocolates de mí por toda la casa.

I eventually got used to the constant noise.

Eventualmente ...

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to + infinitive

Para usually corresponds to English for 

BUT: If you mean para and the infinitive = that is to    and infinitive   in English

Examples:

I went to El Corte Inglés to buy  a book (NOT for buying)

This is called the infinitive of purpose .

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POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

mío/mía/míos/mías = mine (NOT the mine or mines or the mines)

tuyo/tuya/tuyos/tuyas = yours (NOT your or the your or the yours)

nuestro/nuestra/nuestros/nuestras = ours (NOT our or the our or the ours)

vuestro/vuestra/vuestros/vuestras = yours (NOT your or the your or the yours)

de él = his

de ella = hers

de ellos = theirs

 

EXAMPLES:

¿De quién es este reloj? = Whose is this watch?

Es mío. = It’s mine.

¿Es tuyo? = Is it yours?

Sí, es mío. = Yes, it’s mine.

¿De quién son estas ...

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Prepositions of Time at/on/in

Many Spanish people are translating incorrectly.

For example:

El viernes-  The friday 

We need to remember that we cannot translate literally all the time.

We need to think that in specific day/date, we need to use ON. Examples: on Monday, on Friday, on my birthday, on easter Sunday, etc.

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USOS DE INFINITIVO (Uses of Infinitive)

Remember that infinitives in English often have to  in front of them. 

1. are used after verbs like WANT, TRY, NEED, ETC.

2. after adjectives ( It’s important (adjective) to tell the truth.)

3. as reason (I went to England- Why? Reason– to learn English)

 

Necesito comprar unos zapatos.  I need to buy some shoes. NOT I need buy some shoes.

Es importante decir las verdad.  It’s important to tell the truth. NOT It’s important tell the truth.

No sé adónde ir.  I don’t know where ...

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quedar as verb-to-be

Ser and estar are both be in English.

But I always heard Spanish people using “stay” for “estar

Estar– is not stay that is quedar or permanecer

Example:

Se quedaron en casa – They stayed at home.

But quedar can be BE as well. Example: He quedado embarazada. She got pregnant or She’s pregnant.

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