POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS

mío/mía/míos/mías = mine (NOT the mine or mines or the mines)

tuyo/tuya/tuyos/tuyas = yours (NOT your or the your or the yours)

nuestro/nuestra/nuestros/nuestras = ours (NOT our or the our or the ours)

vuestro/vuestra/vuestros/vuestras = yours (NOT your or the your or the yours)

de él = his

de ella = hers

de ellos = theirs

 

EXAMPLES:

¿De quién es este reloj? = Whose is this watch?

Es mío. = It’s mine.

¿Es tuyo? = Is it yours?

Sí, es mío. = Yes, it’s mine.

¿De quién son estas ...

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bribery

bribery- the act of practice of offering, giving, or taking a bribe.

Bribe- is the money or some other benefit offered to a person to induce to do something. Its synonym is suborn. (soborno)

to suborn/to bribe- sobornar

Even some native English speakers don’t know that suborn does exist in English.

Example: Police will let me off without penalty if I pay him a bribe. Policía me dejará ir sin multa si le doy una mordida.

 

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draw

This word confuses a lot of people.

Have a look at the examples below:

To draw a picture- dibujar

The cowboy draws his gun- means move that the cowboy was taking or moving his gun to shoot the bad man.

He was the fastest draw in the West- NOT the fastest drawer

Drawer– is not a person; this is something you draw (move) out of a table (el cajón)

to draw a breath- to take air into your lungs

draw (noun)– an informal lottery at a party (una ...

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driver

We’ve heard many Spanish people saying “Fernando Alonso is a pilot.” Alonso is a racing driver.

A pilot is someone who is licensed to operate an aircraft in flight and also who is licensed to conduct a ship into and out of port or through the dangerous waters.

Logically, a person who drives is called a driver.

Examples: taxi driver, bus driver, train driver, etc.

Also, driver means force. Example: a screwdriver- is used for forcing screws into wood.

 

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Prepositions of Time at/on/in

Many Spanish people are translating incorrectly.

For example:

El viernes-  The friday 

We need to remember that we cannot translate literally all the time.

We need to think that in specific day/date, we need to use ON. Examples: on Monday, on Friday, on my birthday, on easter Sunday, etc.

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considerate

The root word is consider which is a verb .

Spanish people often say I am considerating  when they should say I am considering.

Considerate is an adjective  in English which means atento  o considerado.

Example: Thank you, you are very considerate.

 

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Gato con guantes no caza ratones

A cat with mittens can’t hunt mice.

This phrase means that to do a task properly, we must forgo refinements. One can’t knead dough without getting one’s hands into the thick of it.

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company

We’ve heard so many people in Spain saying enterprise when they mean company because they’re thinking of empresa.

An established commercial organisation is a company, not an enterprise.

However, we use enterprise in English for Spanish empresa when it refers to iniciativa.

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USOS DE INFINITIVO (Uses of Infinitive)

Remember that infinitives in English often have to  in front of them. 

1. are used after verbs like WANT, TRY, NEED, ETC.

2. after adjectives ( It’s important (adjective) to tell the truth.)

3. as reason (I went to England- Why? Reason– to learn English)

 

Necesito comprar unos zapatos.  I need to buy some shoes. NOT I need buy some shoes.

Es importante decir las verdad.  It’s important to tell the truth. NOT It’s important tell the truth.

No sé adónde ir.  I don’t know where ...

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