PRESENT CONTINUOUS for future arrangements

Spanish often uses the present simple for future arrangements when English uses the present continuous.

Veo a Mary el viernes. I’m seeing Mary on Friday (NOT I see Mary on Friday)

Me voy a Madrid el viernes. I’m going to Madrid on Friday. (NOT I go to Madrid on Friday)

No vienen a la fiesta. They aren’t coming to the party. (NOT They don’t come to the party)

¿Qué haces ...

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doubt (duda)

Doubt means you don’t know whether something is true or will be possible.

It does NOT mean that you are uncertain about something, or don’t know it, or don’t know what to do.

Examples:

I’m not sure what to say. (NOT I doubt what to say.)

If your teacher says something that isn’t clear, say There’s something I don’t understand or I have a question (NOT I have a doubt).

 

Hierba mala nunca muere

Weeds never die

This refers to the fact that weeds are often resilient although generally unwanted. They grow or multiply rapidly even in poor conditions.

This is a famous saying in Spain referring to bad people and vermin to point out that evil dies hard.

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Double Consonants

How many t’s are there in writing? And how many in written?

The consonant has to be doubled to maintain the short pronunciation of the vowel.

mad – madder (short vowel)

made- (long vowel/diphthong)

bit-  (short vowel)

bitten- long vowel/diphthong

put/putting- (short)

compute- computing (long u)

hot- hotter (short vowel)

 

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do and make

Both of these words correspond to Spanish HACER.

The basic difference:

do– is used for actions; usual word with work; used with your best, business, damage, your duty, an exam, a favour, good, harm a TEST, work

make– has the idea of producing or creating; is used with these words: an appointment, arrangements, an attempt, a bed, the best of, certain, a choice, a complaint, a decision, a discovery, an effort, an exception, an excuse, ...

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“Dime con quién andas y te diré quién eres”

Tell me who your friends are and I’ll tell you who you are.

I guess everyone is aware that this refers to a person’s character and tastes by noting who his friends are and in what circles he moves. Also, we’re reminded that whom to choose as friends is not a matter to be taken lightly, as the people we socialize with won’t fail to influence us, good or bad.

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couple

The Spanish word pareja means two different things and yes, one of them is couple.

But couple refers to two things seen as ONE UNIT.

I went out with a couple (un par) of friends.

Leo has a couple of dogs. 

If you’re talking about the one person you share your life with, that is the other meaning of pareja, your partner.

I went out with my partner. (NOT I went ...

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