fire and light

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If you want to light a cigarette, don’t ask for fire.

Say Can you give me a light?  Have you got a light or a lighter?

Fire is fuego but it is also incendio.

Electricity bill (la factura de la luz) is for more than just light. And if there are roadworks in the street outside your house, you might have all of your electricity cut off, not just the light.

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familiar

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This means well-known. Its meaning is not associated with family.

Examples:

A familiar place/ a well-known place

A familiar person/ a well-known person

I’m not familiar with this place.

You can use the word family as an adjective.

Examples: 

family holiday

family finances

family day

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parents

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Mis padres – parents (NOT fathers)

Most people in the world only have one father but Spanish people have more than one- when they say mis padres  as my fathers. This is a common mistake for Spanish people.

If you ask a British person “Do you have brothers?” (¿Tienes hermanos?), he might say Yes I have two not mentioning the sisters he has, because you only ask about brothers.

This is the correct one:

¿Tienes hermanos?  = Do you have brothers and sisters or Do you have siblings (NOT Do you ...

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How to use “any”

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Any is used in negative sentences but they are not negative themselves.

No vi nada- I saw nothing (positive verb and negated object) OR I didn´t see anything. (negated verb and positive object)

(I didn´t see nothing- INCORRECT) 

DOUBLE/TWO NEGATIVES in English- INCORRECT

No veo nada- I don´t see anything OR I see nothing.

 

 

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angina

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This is something that can to real confusion. If you tell an English-speaker that you´re suffering from anginas, don´t be surprised if they rush to call an ambulance.

In English, angina only means angina de pecho. If you use it to say that you have a bad sore throat, they would think that you´re about to have a heart attack.

You can say that you have a sore throat or a pain in your throat.

Angina (an-JI-nuh or AN-juh-nuh) is chest pain or ...

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academy

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The place that you go to for your English language classes might call itself the Academy but these places are generally known in English as language schools. Also, all children go to a school in English but it might be a colegio, escuela or INSTITUTO in Spanish.

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ACTUALLY no és ACTUALMENTE

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ACTUALLY- no tiene relación con el tiempo en inglés

Por ejemplo:

Mi nombre parece inglés, pero en realidad és aléman. My name looks English, but actually it´s German.

ACTUALMENTE- tiene relación con el tiempo en castellano

Por ejemplo:

Actualmente vive en París mi hermano, pero va a mudarse a Berlín dentro de un mes. (Currently, my brother lives in Madrid, but he is going to move to Barcelona in a month’s time.)

On the other way around, some English speakers who´ve been to Spain didn’t know that ...

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